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Vaginal Birth among Nigerian Females; Preparation & Delivery Basis, Child Birth Stages.

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Every delivery is as unique and individual as each mother and infant. In addition, women may have completely different experiences with each new labor and delivery. Giving birth is a life-changing event that will leave an impression on you for the rest of your life.

A vaginal birth is the “natural” way to deliver a baby. A vaginal delivery is the birth of offspring in mammals (babies in humans) through the vagina (also called the “birth canal”). It is the natural method of birth for all mammals except monotremes, which lay eggs.

For humans, the average length of a hospital stay for a normal vaginal delivery is 36–48 hours. Surgery extends that stay. With an episiotomy (a surgical cut to widen the vaginal canal) to enable vaginal birth, the stay is 48–60 hours. The length of stay for a Caesarean section (C-section), a common form of non -vaginal birth, is 72–108 hours.

 

 

Types of vaginal delivery

 

Different types of vaginal deliveries have different terms:

A spontaneous vaginal delivery (SVD) occurs when a pregnant female goes into labor without the use of drugs or techniques to induce labor, and delivers her baby in the normal manner, without forceps, vacuum extraction, or a cesarean section.

 

An assisted vaginal delivery (AVD) or instrumental vaginal delivery occurs when a pregnant female goes into labor (with or without the use of drugs or techniques to induce labor), and requires the use of special instruments such as forceps or a vacuum extractor to deliver her baby vaginally.

 

An induced vaginal delivery is a delivery involving labor induction, where drugs or manual techniques are used to initiate the process of labor. Use of the term “IVD” in this context is less common than for instrumental vaginal delivery.

A normal vaginal delivery (NVD) is a vaginal delivery, whether or not assisted or induced, usually used in statistics or studies to contrast with a delivery by cesarean section.

 

How to Prepare For a Vaginal Delivery as an Expectant Nigerian Mother

While it’s nearly impossible to plan for every aspect of your labor and delivery, you’ll likely appreciate feeling prepared. A few things to think through in advance of your vaginal birth:

 

  • Create your birth plan, so you and your practitioner are on the same page as to how you’d ideally like your birth to go down (keeping in mind, of course, that things rarely go exactly as planned)

 

  • Pack your hospital bag

 

  • Make a visit to the hospital or birthing center where you want to deliver

 

  • Take peek at a few common labor positions

 

  • Read up on breastfeeding basics, since you’ll most likely be able to give it a shot the moment your baby arrives

 

  • Know the signs of labor so you’ll be aware when baby’s almost here!

 

The Stages of a Vaginal Birth (CHILD BIRTH STAGE)

 

Early phases of labor

 

Amniotic sac: The amniotic sac is the fluid-filled membrane surrounding your baby. This sac will almost always rupture before the baby is born, though in some cases it remains intact until delivery. When it ruptures, it’s often described as your “water breaking.” In most cases, your water will break before you go into labor or at the very beginning of labor. Most women experience their water breaking as a gush of fluid. It should be clear and odorless — if it’s yellow, green, or brown, contact your doctor right away.

 

Contractions: Contractions are the tightening and releasing of your uterus. These motions will eventually help your baby push through the cervix. Contractions can feel like heavy cramping or pressure that begins in your back and moves to the front. Contractions aren’t a reliable indicator of labor. You might already have felt Braxton-Hicks contractions, which may have started as early as your second trimester. A general rule is that when you are having contractions that last for a minute, are five minutes apart, and have been so for an hour, you’re in true labor.

 

Cervix dilation: The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. The cervix is a tubular structure approximately 3 to 4 centimeters in length with a passage that connects the uterine cavity to the vagina. During labor, the role of the cervix must change from maintaining the pregnancy (by keeping the uterus closed) to facilitating the delivery of the baby (by dilating, or opening, enough to allow the baby through. The fundamental changes that occur near the end of the pregnancy result in a softening of the cervical tissue and thinning of the cervix, both of which help prepare the cervix. True, active labor is considered to be underway when the cervix is dilated 3 centimeters or more.

 

Labor and delivery: Eventually, the cervical canal must open until the cervical opening itself has reached 10 centimeters in diameter and the baby is able to pass into the birth canal. As the baby enters the vagina, your skin and muscles stretch. The labia and perineum (the area between the vagina and the rectum) eventually reach a point of maximum stretching. At this point, the skin may feel like it’s burning. Some childbirth educators call this the ring of fire because of the burning sensation felt as the mother’s tissues stretch around the baby’s head. At this time, your healthcare provider may decide to perform an episiotomy. You may or may not feel the episiotomy because the skin and muscles can lose sensation due to how tightly they’re stretched.

 

The Birth: As the baby’s head emerges, there is a great relief from the pressure, although you’ll probably still feel some discomfort. Your nurse or doctor will ask you to stop pushing momentarily while the baby’s mouth and nose are suctioned to clear out amniotic fluid and mucus. It’s important to do this before the baby starts to breathe and cry. Usually, the doctor will rotate the baby’s head a quarter of a turn to be in alignment with the baby’s body, which is still inside you. You’ll then be asked to begin pushing again to deliver the shoulders. The top shoulder comes first and then the lower shoulder. Then, with one last push, you deliver your baby!

 

 

For women who deliver vaginally, childbirth progresses in three stages:

 

Stage 1: Labor

Labor itself is divided into three phases — early labor, active labor and transitional labor. All women who deliver vaginally will experience all three phases of labor, though you may not notice the first phase at all. The timing and intensity of contractions can help clue you in to which phase of labor you’re in, while periodic physical exams will confirm your progress.

 

Stage 2: Pushing and delivery of the baby

This is when your cervix reaches the magic 10 cm mark — meaning you’re fully dilated. Now it’s your turn to push your baby the rest of the way through the birth canal, unless you’re laboring down (in which case you’ll catch a break for a few minutes to an hour while your uterus does most of the work bringing baby farther down into the birth canal). You may wonder; does pushing hurt more than contractions? Most women actually find that transitional labor, or those last 2 to 3 cm of dilation, is the most demanding and intense phase of labor — but it’s fortunately also the shortest, usually lasting 15 minutes to an hour. As your baby crowns and you push him or her out, you will feel a tingling, stretching or burning sensation (it’s called the “ring of fire” for a reason).

 

Stage 3: Delivery of the placenta

The placenta and the amniotic sac that supported and protected the baby for nine months are still in the uterus after the delivery. These need to be delivered, and this can happen spontaneously or it may take as long as half an hour. Your midwife or doctor may rub your abdomen below your belly button to help tighten the uterus and loosen the placenta.

 

Your uterus is now about the size of a large grapefruit. You may need to push to help deliver the placenta. You may feel some pressure as the placenta is expelled but not nearly as much pressure as when the baby was born.

 

Your healthcare provider will inspect the delivered placenta to make sure it was delivered in full. On rare occasions, some of the placenta doesn’t release and may remain adhered to the wall of the uterus.

 

If this happens, your provider will reach into your uterus to remove the leftover pieces in order to prevent heavy bleeding that can result from a torn placenta. If you would like to see the placenta, please ask. Usually, they’ll be happy to show you.

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Twitter users react to Snoop Dogg vibing to Wizkid’s Essence

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Wizkid has had his share of international recognition right from his big hit Ojuelegba which had a remix featuring world hip-hop big guns, Scepta and Drake, to collaboration with Chris Brown, and pop royalty, Beyonce.

Therefore, when American rapper Snoop Dogg in an Instagram live stream on Saturday was seen vibing to Essence, a track on Wizkid’s Made in Lagos Album, his fans could not be happier, especially for Tems, a relatively new act who was featured on the song.

Reacting to the video, @iamOkon tweeted, “Snoop Dogg vibing to Wizkid ‘s jam “Essence” where he featured Tems of Starboy’s Made in Lagos album is one of the cutest things you’ll see in the internet today.”

Alluding to WizKids promotional tweet for the Essence music video, @iamfelaIbadan wrote:
Real magic still exist Wizkid × Tems. I am happy for Tems man…… Snoop Dogg.”

@Vd draker congratulating the new act for recognition by that hip-hop legend said, “Essence gone wild, Tems blown already.”

@shedoo163 appraising the song, regarded Snoop Dogg as a legend who recognised the artistry in the song.

“Wiz X Tems made a hit the sound and melody is electrifying, it enters deep into the soul cooling the mind, body, and soul. Indeed Made in Lagos is a forever unfaded type of Album. Real music genius recognizes real sound,” he said.

@Gbafe_Pounds confirming that the collaborations will take Tems a bigger stage tweeted,
“Omo Wizkid dey sing. Kai! Big up to Tems also, this collaboration really took her places.”

Made in Lagos, Wizkid’s fourth studio album continues to garner accolades after release in October last year.

Surpassing 100 million streams across five music streaming platforms within a hundred days of release, it debuted at no. 15 on the UK Albums Chart, and also hit the number two spot on the Billboard US world album charts.


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Vaginal Maintenance among Nigerian Pregnant Females; Simple Ways to Maintain the Vagina During and After Birth

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The woman’s body undergoes many hormonal changes during pregnancy. These can lead to extra sweating, discharge in the vagina, less lubrication, nipple leaks and more, varying in outcomes and intensity in each pregnant mom.

It is a no-brainer that hygiene, at any given point in time, is an important part of self-care but this mundane routine comes into the spotlight during pregnancy. This is because, during pregnancy, the woman’s body undergoes many hormonal changes. These can lead to extra sweating, discharge in the vagina, less lubrication, nipple leaks and more, varying in outcomes and intensity in each pregnant mom. Besides, since doctors prefer restraint when it comes to prescribing infection-fighting drugs during pregnancy, the onset of any infection can cause discomfort, even leading to complications.

 

Maintaining vaginal hygiene

Pregnant women experience increased vaginal discharge which sometimes stimulates bacterial growth. It can lead to ‘bacterial vaginitis and, if left untreated, can cause complications for the mother and get passed onto the infant during delivery. A simple solution to maintaining your personal hygiene is wearing only pure cotton undergarments, avoiding very tight jeans or pants to maintain air circulation between your clothing and skin. This will keep your vagina dry and limit bacterial growth. Change your undergarments as many times as you wish since keeping yourself dry should be the topmost priority. During the last few months, with the enlarged uterus pressing down on the bladder, if episodes of urine leak occur, use a panty liner that you can change every two to three hours.

 

Also, wash yourself well with plain water and avoid any unnecessary products on your vagina, including harsh soaps, since they can disturb the pH balance that is very essential for good vaginal health. Trimming of pubic hair is advised over waxing or using epilator creams to limit any chance of injury or allergic reactions.

 

Experts do not recommend use of any OTC lactic acid or lactoserum-based vaginal washes. Douching (the practice of cleaning vagina aggressively with specialized products) is definitely a no-no since any change in the delicate chemical balance in the vagina and the vaginal flora can create more trouble than good. If you notice an odour or unpleasantness, it is best to consult your gynaecologist.

 

 

Simple Ways to Maintain the Vagina During and After Birth

Delivering a baby puts your vagina through plenty of trauma. Your little one’s head, which is the size of a cantaloupe, must fit through the opening, inevitably leading to pain and discomfort down there.

 

After birth, your vagina will likely tear as the baby’s head squeezes through. In fact, 95 per cent of first-time moms will experience perineal tearing. You may need stitches, and depending on the severity of the tear, recovery will take anywhere from weeks to months. Activities like coughing, sneezing, and having a bowel movement will likely cause discomfort. An itchy vagina after birth may indicate that your scars are healing.

 

Another unpleasant side effect of delivery is lochia—a vaginal discharge of blood, mucus, and uterine tissue that lasts for six-eight weeks. Lochia starts off bright red and heavy, then it fades to dark brown and eventually yellow. It may lead to mild vagina smells after birth, but you should report any foul-smelling odour to the doctor.

 

Swelling is also common, and dryness may occur because of hormonal changes. Your lady bits will likely return to normal within months, some but women report their vagina feels loose after birth—especially if they delivered a large baby. Sometimes, though, weak vaginal muscles may make you feel loose down there, and you can tighten the vagina with Kegel exercises.

 

So what does a vagina look like after birth? The labia may appear darker right after delivery, thanks to increased blood flow. Essentially, though, the vagina before and after birth won’t be much different.

 

How to Soothe Your Vagina After Birth

You knew to expect a sore vagina after birth. Heck, you spent nine months worrying about it. But what you may have overlooked was that aches, ouches, and down-there misery don’t vanish once you’ve birthed your baby. Pain in your privates can linger for days or weeks afterwards.

 

Here, we’ve rounded up 10 mom-loved remedies to soothe your vagina after giving birth. Keep in mind that although they can be helpful with healing, they may not all be safe for breastfeeding moms.

Bottom line: Always consult your doctor before trying any at-home remedy.

 

A Sitz Bath

It’s common for first-time moms to tear their perineum (the area between the vulva and the anus) during a vaginal birth. To relieve the pain, fill a sitz bath or basin with warm water. This increases blood flow to the area, helping it heal and repairing the tissues faster.

You can do a sitz in a clean bathtub or with a kit that many hospitals supply in the postpartum unit. “With the kit, you place a small, shallow basin over the toilet seat, fill it with warm water, and sit on it so that your vulva and perineum are submerged,” says Page. “For the bath, fill with three to four inches of water—just enough to submerge your hips and buttocks—and sit. For both, soak for 20 minutes a few times a day.”

 

A Spray Bottle

Your torn and swollen vagina after birth makes postpartum peeing a less-than-pleasant experience. Meet your new best friend, the peri bottle: a small, handheld plastic squirt container. Simply fill it up with lukewarm water and spritz yourself while peeing to dilute the stinging potential of urine. Plus, the warm water is soothing to your delicate tissues. “Avoid spraying water directly into the vagina, however, or that’ll cause more discomfort,” notes Kelly Kasper, M.D., an OB-GYN at Indiana University Health in Indianapolis. Give yourself even more squirts post-pee to rinse off blood and urine—and to sidestep the whole cringe-worthy toilet paper situation.

 

A Hair Dryer

After you finish peeing, peri bottling, or sitz soaking, stand or sit with your legs apart, and aim your hairdryer about six to eight inches away from your damp nether regions. Set the dryer on the lowest setting and on cool, and move it around, much like you would if you were drying your hair, for no more than three minutes. “While this won’t necessarily ease the pain in your vagina after giving birth, it can help prevent it,”

 

 

 


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Bruno Fernandes “refusing” to sign New Man United Contact

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Bruno Fernandes, the  Portuguese star has been a revelation since joining the club from Sporting Lisbon in January 2020 and has been credited with United’s huge upturn in fortunes. Struggling prior to his arrival, Fernandes inspired a third place finish last season and currently lie in second behind leaders Manchester City.

It is reported that the 26-year-old earns around £100,000-a-week and United were hoping to double his wages as a reward for his fine form. However, according to a report in The Sun, Fernandes is concerned with manager Ole Gunnar Solskjaer’s recent comments in which the Norwegian claimed that that ongoing global pandemic would hit transfers this summer;

Reports continue surrounding the future of fellow midfielder Paul Pogba, as well as Edinson Cavani, and Fernandes is seeking assurances that his ambitions are matched by those at the club.

The playmaker, who currently lies second in the race for the Premier League Golden Boot behind Liverpool’s Mohamed Salah, has consistently stated his desire to win trophies and would refuse to settle for ‘top four’ year-upon-year.

Although contracted until 2025 with the option of an additional year, this news will ultimately come as a blow to the Manchester United hierarchy with the club set to lock horns with European giants AC Milan in the Europa League Round of 16 tomorrow.

 


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